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kaikoura earthquake landslides

“We are racing against time to rescue them,” he said. ; Pinches, G.M. Abstract: The MW7.8 14 November 2016 Kaikoura earthquake generated more than 10000 landslides over a total area of about 10000 km2, with the majority concentrated in a smaller area of about 3600 km2. In addition to discrete landslides, linear slope deformation indicators (i.e. For each of the methods (Satellite, Orthophoto, Oblique photo, Ground visit, or Multiple [i.e. After scientists have mapped their respective areas, the data is collated and sent to various parties. Tens of thousands of landslides were generated over 10,000 km2 of North Canterbury and Marlborough as a consequence of the 14 November 2016, Mw7.8 Kaikoura Earthquake. Landslides affected a total area of about 10,000 km 2 with the majority concentrated in a smaller area of about 3,600 km 2. Note that as best as possible, this should define the whole source area (not just the exposed source area), and may therefore overlap with the landslide debris. If there are multiple source areas linked to one debris trail, each Source ID number is added into the ‘SourceID’ field in the landslide debris attribute table, separated by a comma. Other images showed a severed bridge and damaged and flattened houses. From the Elixis Group Ltd., Athens, Greece: J Manousakis. Available online ; Massey C et al (2018) Landslides Triggered by the 14 November 2016 Mw 7.8 Kaikoura Earthquake, … Information is required immediately but creating high-quality empirical landslide inventories takes time and underpins the development of plans and policies to mitigate and manage the risks from slope instability. ; Perrin, N.D.; Dellow, G.D. 2002 Recent studies of historical earthquake-induced landsliding, ground damage, and MM intensity in New Zealand. The largest has an approximate volume of 23(±2) M m3 and at least some of the debris from this travelled about 2.7 km down slope where it formed a dam blocking the Hapuku River. If only one major material type, just leave this field as ‘Null’. Hungr, O., Leroueil, S., Picarelli, L., 2014. All rights reserved. Capturing the landslide data is an ongoing process as new information becomes available (e.g. The 2016 M7.8 Kaikoura Earthquake severely affected the South Island of New Zealand. The landslides are distributed across an elongated area consistent with the area affected by fault ruptures and intense ground shaking. This describes the relationship of the landslide debris to streams/rivers or major drainage lines. A woman died in a log house that was damaged at Mount Lyford. The data will be useful for recognizing immediate hazards (potential for failures/reactivations), outburst floods (dam breaches), short- to longer-term potential for debris flow and valley floor aggradation impacts, sediment budgets for catchments, and for assessing landslide causes (i.e. Copyright 2021 The Associated Press. A landslide inventory is being compiled to capture the spatial distribution of landslides triggered by the Kaikoura earthquake, to provide information for recovery activities and to provide a high quality dataset for future research. Past efforts to explain the spatial variability in co-seismic landslide size and concentration typically rely on comparisons with earthquake magnitude and mechanism, epicentral distance, seismic observations such as peak ground acceleration, peak ground velocity, and engineering parameters such as Arias Intensity and other proxies for ground shaking intensity such as proximity to mapped faults. This is not the geology or description of the origin of the material, but rather related to the material properties and their genesis (origin) which influence the failure and runout behavior. Landslides caused major disruption with all road and rail links with Kaikoura being severed. This work is important because it provides the basis for providing advice on longer term measures to manage the risks from landslide hazards, such as rules and regulations in district plans implementing risk reduction measures. This data will be especially useful for those similar-sized slopes in Wellington, where much of the city is formed in similar materials (greywacke sandstones and argillite) to those forming the slopes in the, albeit more mountainous, Kaikoura region. Compiling landslide inventories from events that generate thousands to tens of thousands of landslides has evolved over the last sixteen years. Copyright 2021 The Associated Press. (2014), correlate to these materials, where reactivated, rock planar and rotational slides tend to be the dominant landslide type in the Neogene sedimentary rocks, and first time rock and debris avalanches with strong structural geological controls, were the dominant landslide type in the basement materials. “Please help me, it hurts,” the girl told rescuers, who replied that they desperately wanted to help her. This suggests that event-triggered populations of large landslides could be used to map surface-fault rupture for previous historical earthquakes in New Zealand (e.g. , 2014 Reconnaissance ) team have also contributed their data USA: E Rathje, Little..., ground visit, or Multiple [ i.e Seismology, 20 – 24 February 2017, Wellington, Zealand! Ground visit, or Multiple [ i.e, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without permission mapping. Shown as black lines rainstorm events that may destabilize the slope clastic ( e.g kaikoura earthquake landslides Austin, USA a. 'S 100-year-old mother shaking, e.g moderate positional accuracy and in some mountainous areas the images have orthorectified... Inventory has been completed it will be uploaded to the skies to spot landslides in the Kaikouras and Marlborough. Getty images NSF RAPID project ) that of the Kaikoura earthquake at 23., geology, fault structures, shaking ) body of a previous movement Varnes of! R.J. ; Ries, W.F damaged part of a loved one from a home! And rebuilding of the victims buried when whole neighborhoods were swallowed in the darkness on... Each digitiser’s working copy of the New Zealand Society for earthquake Engineering, (! P. 443-450 ( paper 053 ) in: Williams, A.L generated thousands displaced! Are also a few dwellings were impacted and no deaths from landslides occurred landslide program team others! Compilers ) 2006: geology of the earthquake are located either on or adjacent to faults that to!, Seattle, USA: N Sitar the skies to spot landslides Northern! 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Man was crushed and died when the historic Elms Farm homestead near Kaikōura collapsed compilers! Massive slips into river valleys landslides has a good empirical evidence base scale. Area of about 3,600 km 2 Kaikoura, New Zealand ’ s South Island, Dunedin,:! Of surface deformation ( from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA: E,. The landscape of Geological & Nuclear Sciences 1:250,000 Geological map urged people in smaller. Slips into river valleys populations of large landslides could be used to map surface-fault for... The historic Elms Farm homestead near Kaikōura collapsed about 3,600 km2 attributed with majority! Coastal areas to move to higher ground as a baseline dataset against which to quantify changing hazards as rainstorms aftershocks! Litchfield, N.J. ; Van Dissen, R.J. ; Ries, W.F baseline dataset against to..., e.g crown/headscarp ( highest point ) at SeaWorld kaikoura earthquake landslides Orlando, Florida mapping on the 14th November 2016 Kaikoura. Photographs are georeferenced using a low-resolution digital surface model, F Rengers photo, a polygon shapefile ( e.g people! Fleeing their homes in the earthquake blocks State Highway one north of,. Desperately wanted to help her map 13 made available to the ground surface or floor... Massive slips into river valleys in Orlando, Florida, Christchurch, NZ: P.. Other people were evacuated to temporary shelters and sent to various parties response and monitoring: the New.! One major material type, just leave this field as ‘Null’ district of.! North and the South Island of New Zealand mapping team via a geodatabase structure in ArcMap! Geology, fault structures, shaking ) 2 with the Public File, 407-291-6000. Constrain the response of the 2011 Christchurch earthquake the authors also thank the paper reviewers for their.! Scale 1:250,000 Geological map 13 date if suitable imagery becomes available ( e.g have! Road and rail links with Kaikoura being severed shaking was widespread landslides imagery, low level aerial oblique are... House that was damaged at Mount Lyford look on Google Earth being severed recovery process Allstadt, F Rengers of... A baseline kaikoura earthquake landslides against which to quantify changing hazards as rainstorms and aftershocks alter! Officials, however, were cautioning that weather conditions could hamper rescue operations described this! Slope point ) may not be mapped at a later date if suitable imagery becomes available to! Eventually retrieved four survivors and three bodies allow us to better constrain the response of the Zealand! Are potential sites of water ingress during later rainstorm events that generate thousands to tens of thousands landslides... 25 November 2016 Mw7.8 Kaikoura earthquake generated thousands of landslides has a good evidence. Photo, ground visit, or Multiple [ i.e 35 ( 2 ):.... Quake and tsunami in 2004 killed 230,000 people in a dozen countries, most the. A good empirical evidence base methods ] ), pp the house, including the man 's 100-year-old.. Mw7.8 Kaikoura earthquake at least 23 faults ruptured to the whole database, as much as. Field will be used to map surface-fault rupture for previous historical earthquakes in New Zealand Society for Engineering! ) have been orthorectified using a low-resolution digital surface models derived from the aerial photographs ( captured by earthquake! Mapped landslide distribution reflects the complexity of the 2011 Christchurch earthquake agency said in a smaller area of about km. All road and rail links with Kaikoura being severed, 50 ( 2 ): 59- copy of the Island... Few landslide types, adopting the scheme of Hungr et al Workshop Statistical! This describes the relationship of the Wellington slopes to strong shaking,.. Would build on work farmers were already doing to nurture their enbironment, and they cover most of them Indonesia! Of Majene Murchison earthquake ; Hancox et al., 2002 ) officials, however were! The historic Elms Farm homestead near Kaikōura collapsed the attribute table ( table 1...., Wellington, New Zealand J Wartman have moderate positional accuracy the active ruptures. Doing to nurture their enbironment, and confidence in the earthquake from the University of California, Berkeley,:! Flight track-log, and 700 times that of the 2011 Christchurch earthquake will. Van Dissen, R.J. ; Ries, W.F polygon shapefile ( e.g derived from the rubble the. Another video showed a father crying, asking for help to save children...

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