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saffron harvesting machine

Emergence of saffron leaves is a function of local weather conditions and also the time of the first irrigation. The system is conceived as a shoulder portable device with two main parts: the former is specifically designed to detach the flower containing three stigmas, which are the costly final product, while the second one collects the detached flower through a vacuum collector. The flowers each contain three crimson threads called stigmas. Tip – If you don’t fancy using your fresh saffron straight away, store away in an airtight container for later use. Patent No. Also, its harvest period is also 3 - 4 months and it can grow upto 15-20 cm in height. The saffron harvesting mechanism is such that a carriage with a rubber cover, which is rotational with car wheels, and a roller that runs counterclockwise with the wheel of the car, Composed. For production of saffron with super quality in all stages from harvesting till packaging, enough care should be considered to apply correct and recommended methods. Using machine vision and motion planning algorithms, the robot recognizes and locates the ripe fruit to be picked. The flowering period of Saffron flowers usually last for about 10 - 15 days. A miracle as it is told, the season in which all other plants & flowers lose their charm, the Saffron flower blooms with full charm & fragrance, hence challenging all odds of growth. The problem is that each corm will only produce 1 flower, and each flower will only produce 3 saffron stigmas. 2153197. ue. The stigmas are the saffron, the stamens and petals are sometimes used as a dye. In the production process of Saffron spice, flower harvesting and … Steps for harvesting Saffron – Part 2. Growers may want to dry all of the parts, or just the stigmas and stamens, which have the highest value. Saffron harvesting at Roco Saffron! Nov 12, 2017 - ماشین که گل زعفران رامی چیند تبریک به دهقانان زحمت کش کارشان آسان شد The system is a portable light machine, carried by the human operator on his back during the harvesting phase of the saffron production. Service Robots for Agriculture: A Case of Study for Saffron Harvesting: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4607-0.ch051: In general, service robots are described with different characteristics for different tasks. One of them is the world's most expensive spice saffron. The system described here is conceived as a shoulder portable device for saffron flowers detaching and collecting. Dry out the filaments for around 15-20 minutes and then vwala! This work presents a new system or machine for automated cutting of saffron … Field and row crops such as potatoes, wheat and corn are often gathered mechanically. Delayed growth of leaves after the harvest period is ideal for easy harvesting of saffron flowers. This harvesting machine scoops up the bulbs together with the soil on a sieve belt that transports them up, after which the bulbs are brought into a dump truck with the aid of a conveyor belt. Torbat-e Heidarije (Iran), Nov 16 (EFE) – (Camera: Artemis Razmipour). Product name:saffron harvesting machine: Item :KS-S01: Details: Power:60W Rpm : 350R/Min battery : 7.4V 2AH Working time : 10hrs charger time :2-3 hrs Flower stocker capacity :150g machine weight : 0.6kg size : 170*160*80mm. The time for the harvest isn’t more than the time needed by a human to accomplish the same task. Saffron is relatively easy to grow. Ask us about our Jumbo Saffron bulbs! first of all, labour cost. The majority of the Saffron flowers are harvested the first five days of flowering. We have all Saffron bulb sizes available for direct shipping! Factors affecting quality and preciousness of saffron are: Harvesting method Spice separation Drying 5. The main parts of the system are two: the first one is a gripper designed to detach the flower containing three stigmas, which are the costly final product; the second one is aimed to collect the detached flower through a vacuum collector. As for the economics of the machine, based on the machine cost ofRM 4500 per unit plus its operational, repair and maintenance costs, the harvesting cost comes to about RM 22.10 t-1. You can have a rest and please slide to verify. Saffron crocus blooms in the fall over the course of three weeks, when the saffron crocus harvesting commences. And that includes harvesting. Cultivation of saffron is very easy and simple. Harvest the stigmas for your spice cabinet. Ruggiu, M., Bertetto, A.M. (2006) A Mechanical Device for Harvesting Crocus Sativus (Saffron) Flowers, Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 22 (4), p.491-498. The dirt could harm the Saffron flower and its stigmas and thus could cause a certain loss of your Saffron harvest. The saffron harvesting mechanization is a winning chance also under a socio-economic point of view. Plant the corms 4 inches (10 cm) deep and 4 inches (10 cm) apart. Welcome to buy high quality saffron harvesting machine made in China from professional saffron harvesting machine manufacturers and suppliers in China. Flower harvesting, transport and singling method, by transporting flowers in rake shaped holders and transferring them to fork shaped holders in singling device. Il nostro raccolto è fantastico! Its prices are also increasing day by day, through which farmers can earn good profit. Saffron is the most expensive spice and growing your own will reap significant savings. The flowers each contain three crimson threads called stigmas. The Saffron flowers grow directly from the earth, around 3 to 5 inches long, a Saffron flower has no plant or shrub associated with it. • Weeding by hand, if chemicals are no issue, chemical curing is possible see next slide. A photo posted by Robert Alexander Druschitz (@beware_of_chef) on Oct 13, 2016 at 8:16am PDT. Saffron Harvesting. It is also very sensitive to the atmosphere's humidity (due to its trichoid stamen) however it seems to be resistant to heat. The saffron plants bloom for only two weeks a year. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Growers may want to dry all of the parts, or just the stigmas and stamens, which have the highest value. According to him, by moving the car on a row planted with the speed of walking a normal person, the carcass nose and the roller are rotated in an opposite direction; by moving to the front of the car and rotating the nose, the saffron plant The empty space is located between the nose bars and is moved forward by moving the car and turning the nose to the rear, and when the stem reaches the end of the nose circumference, on the other hand it collides with a smooth roller that runs opposite the direction of the nose, and Because the collision of the stem with the nose and roller contact is lower than the saffron flower, so the saffron flower in the top of the contact area Because of the direction of rotation and the impossibility of crossing the short distance between the nose and the roller is off. Our Harvesting machines at work for Saffron Bulbs (Crocus Sativus). Call Us Anytime +1 (559) 916-3570. #saffron. It’s currently a bit busy. • Picking flowers by hand, taking saffron from flowers is manual too • If all by hand 1 kg of saffron requires about 250 … Keywords: efe,iran,agriculture,saffron The device has a simple design and is capable of performing the cutting procedure with just one actuated degree of freedom. A saffron separating machine in a … As farmers harvest a blanket of flowers surrounding the country's saffron heartland, Iranians have a new goal to transform their giant saffron industry from being one of bulk harvesting, to being one of export to the world market, EFE reported Friday. All these enhanced growing and harvesting techniques have an influence on the Saffron yield. In areas where Saffron Crocus are reliably hardy—USDA Zone 6 through 8 in the South, 6 through 9 in the West—you should plant the corms as soon as you receive them. Moving the carriage and roller is performed by a chain gear transmissions system that moves itself from the car carrier; this makes the flower picking speed commensurate with the speed of the car. Saffron crocus cultivation has long centered on a broad belt of Eurasia bounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the southwest to India and China in the northeast. ABAC Holland develops Saffron All-in-One planting and harvesting machine Report on Prototype II, December 2016 Introduction The experts of the Dutch firm ABAC Holland B.V. of Julianadorp, The Netherlands, have specialised in the entire production chain of Saffron for almost 30 years. The use of mechanized machines to harvest flowers and the tendency of Picking the flowers and separat-ing them is the first step of the harvesting process, and requires special handling to maximize on time and quality. ... Savoia, G. 1985. Email Us info@usagarlicmachinery.com. (Saffron flower row harvesting machine) At a glance Iran is the largest producer of saffron in the world and about 90% of the world's saffron is produced in Iran. The main parts of the system are two: the first one is a gripper designed to detach the flower containing three stigmas, which are the costly final product; the second one is aimed to collect the detached flower through a vacuum collector. Contact us for more details. Saffron crocuses are hardy in climates as cold as USDA Zone 5. Making saffron harvesting machine in Iran, on Making saffron harvesting machine in Iran, Iranian saffron is a suitable alternative to pistachios, 15% growth of lands under saffron cultivation in Marand, Creating the first integrated saffron chain in Semnan province, Production of more than 14 tons of dried saffron in Rashtkhar, Lorestan saffron (red gold) is exported in the name of Mashhad. Saffron is the most expensive plant found in the world. To harvest, … Khojostanjand also said: because the nose speed is higher than the perimeter of the roller, and because of the high nose than the roller, the flower is thrown backward, which is placed on the rear and under the roller by placing a flower cloth They are collected and transferred to the premises for separation work. In this work the energy cost of a human operator during the harvesting of saffron flowers is discussed. Planting & Post Harvest ; Garlic Packaging Machinery; Fresh Quality Garlic; Potato and Onion … • Picking flowers by hand, taking saffron from flowers is manual too • If all by hand 1 kg of saffron requires about 250 … So the women must work quickly and steadily. 2003. Copyright © 2013 The Authors. 10. He said harvesting can be done by adjusting the height of the front wheel, as well as the distance between the nose and the carriage of a carcass with a smooth roller in place of contact using the facilities considered. We also take under consideration that the plant appears to be very sensitive to the fluctuation of pH and can be chemically destroyed in the presence of oxidizing factors and in an ionized environment. They become useless if they blossom. Our factory produces Li-battery cordless tools and electric machines for many years. Patent No. Being so expensive, it is also called red gold. for collecting a pound of the plant that takes too much time to be harvested. You can have a rest and please slide to verify. Every step of saffron harvesting is done by hand. The harvested saffron flowers are transferred to large bags or cartons for transport to the sorting house. The system is a portable light machine, carried by the human operator on his back during the harvesting phase of the saffron production. Sometimes that manual labor shows up in the price of the food; sometimes it doesn't. A prototype for harvesting Crocus Sativus (saffron) flowers was developed. lacquered baskets. Each stigma is threadlike in appearance and is red or dark red in color towards the top and … Selection and peer-review under responsibility of The Hellenic Association for Information and Communication Technologies in Agriculture Food and Environment (HAICTA). He described the chassis as one of the main components of the car and stated: “To build and mount all parts of the car, a tight and heavy chassis has been selected; the chassis is tight due to the small distance between the parts mounted on it, This does not take into account the desired distance between the parts and causes the device to not function properly. ue. Saffron All in One planting and harvesting machine, Prototype II December 2016 p. 2 of 16 2 In the Southern Hemisphere, in new upcoming Saffron production areas such as Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Latin America, planting would ideally take place in the months of February and March. Harvesting Saffron 1. USA Garlic Machinery is the number one source for high quality garlic and other types of vegetable harvesting equipment and machines. Dogtooth – Harvesting soft fruits. Crocus flowers are easy to cultivate. Making a machine for harvesting this plant is a must and inevitable. Generally, the vehicle will be able to accomplish all the operations without the need of human supervision. We have seen harvesting being done by a machine, however during this process the dirt is collected in combination with the flowers. If gophers, mice, or v… The saffron harvesting mechanism is such that a carriage with a rubber cover, which is rotational with car wheels, and a roller that runs counterclockwise with the wheel of the car, Composed. One harvesting method is to pluck the entire flower and harvest the saffron threads later. Machine dried saffron will be a bolder red, while the sun-dried variety will be lighter. The system is a portable light machine, carried by the human operator on his back during the harvesting phase of the saffron production. In this chapter service robots are analyzed as machines in the Rowhani Saffron Founded in 2009 as limited liability company ( Padiz Tejarat Saderat Rowhani LTD) in Mashhad , Iran . So the women must work quickly and steadily. 2nd hand good and simple machine in Holland 2000-5000 euro. India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices across the world. The saffron plants bloom for only two weeks a year. But many delicate leafy greens and soft fruits and vegetables have remained largely resistant to robotic picking. The major producers of antiquity—Iran, Spain, India, and Greece—continue to dominate the world trade. In fact, the sector has shrank to less than 2 percent of the labor force in the U.S., surely due, in part, to the rise of the machines. Ideally, the site should be relatively dry in summer, when the corms are dormant. … The next robot development step is to improve learning algorithms. N.L. Rowhani Saffron is member of the Chamber of Commerce and registered in Iranian Industries and Mines that has exporting saffron to worldwide. Every step of saffron harvesting is done by hand. [6] Javari , A., Bakhshipour, A. Start-up Dogtooth Technologies designed a robotic arm capable of harvesting sensitive fruits like strawberries. The saffron harvesting mechanization is a winning chance also under a socio-economic point of view. The design of the carousel is such that the flowers of saffron can pass through the rods; the smooth roller, which is located behind the carousel, is made as a complete cylinder. Mechanized harvesting saffron. Moreover, this procedure must be more cost effective compared to the same task accomplished by a human. Saffron crop does not require much hard work. We see in La Mancha, Spain the flowering starting mid October. Camomile flower picking or harvesting machine. Our harvest is looking great! contact Us :www.Radinsaffron.ir+989122515531instagram: Radin_saffron They are naturally hardy, and naturally resistant to insects and disease. The amounts of energy cost was achieved for a traditional harvesting hand-made activity compared to a harvesting phase with a facilitator machine. He added: So according to the width of the machine, the width of the plant should be 70 cm; in larger specimens it should be decided on the basis of the useful width of the machine as well as the space required for transportation. Mustafa Khojastanjand, the developer of the project, said on the issues that had been considered in relation to the construction of this device from the outset, said: To minimize as much as possible to avoid rising costs, choosing fittings based on the ease of separating all components if needed. Separate the cormlets or small cormels from the main corm or mother corm. Picking the flowers and separat-ing them is the first step of the harvesting process, and requires special handling to maximize on time and quality. Disponiamo di tutte le dimensioni di bulbi di zafferano disponibili per la spedizione diretta! Bags are preferred when saffron is to be sorted on the farm, and cartons when the saffron is shipped longer distances to an industrial processing plant. Harvesting saffron requires a lot of physical labor to get the flowers from the field to final packaging. Saffron is very expensive due to the difficulty of harvesting it. Yes, it grows as such. Agricultural Jihad Organization of Khorasan Razavi improving plant production assistant deputy said in favor of mechanized harvesting saffron production.. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Saffron Harvesting: Saffron is one of the products that price is highly related to its quality. It’s currently a bit busy. Using machine vision and motion planning algorithms, the robot recognizes and locates the ripe fruit to be picked. By Andrew Weidman | January/February 2018. G.B. Saffron is the most precious spice in the world because of some reasons. The developer noted: at the stage of the product, it was necessary to select the irrigation scheduler so that flowering could occur before saffron planting, which is also possible by setting the irrigation time. The cultivation of saffron in the Americas was begun by members of the Schwenkfelder Church in Pennsylvania. The system is a portable light machine, carried by the human operator on his back during the harvesting phase of the saffron production. Service Robots for Agriculture: A Case of Study for Saffron Harvesting: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4607-0.ch051: In general, service robots are described with different characteristics for different tasks. Yes, it grows as such. Ouch... You have clicked a page that seems to be very popular. When it’s time to pick saffron, harvesting saffron growers may work up to 19-hour days to carefully reap the blooms and then extract the few stigmas, which are then dried over heat and packaged for sale to international markets. Plant saffron crocuses in your garden, if you have the hot, dry summers and cold winters they like. This vehicle will be able to collect the flowers of the saffron unharmed. ABAC Holland develops Saffron All in One planting and harvesting machine The experts of the Dutch firm ABAC Holland B.V. of Julianadorp, The Netherlands, have specialised in the entire production chain of Saffron for almost 30 years. The saffron derives from the stigma and styles — called threads — within the flower itself. The objective of this paper is the design and development of an autonomous vehicle which would be able to harvest saffron flowers unsupervised. • Weeding by hand, if chemicals are no issue, chemical curing is possible see next slide. In summer when the foliage begins to die back, break up the soil around each cluster of corms using a trowel. (Saffron flower row harvesting machine) At a glance Iran is the largest producer of saffron in the world and about 90% of the world's saffron is produced in Iran. To make better fruit harvesting decisions, the robot needs learning algorithms to harvest with fewer errors. Photo by Getty Images/Kesu01. Saffron is the carefully dried stigmas of crocus sativus flowers, a small perennial plant about a foot tall. Hot Tags: saffron harvesting machine, China, suppliers, manufacturers, factory, electric, battery, cordless, professional, made in China. The Saffron flowers grow directly from the earth, around 3 to 5 inches long, a Saffron flower has no plant or shrub associated with it. Saffron park with harvesting, processing, testing facilities in J&K soon: Friday, 26 August, 2011, 08 : 00 AM [IST] Archana Aroor, Mumbai: The state of Jammu & Kashmir will soon see the setting up of a saffron park facility under a special programme - Economic Revival of J&K Saffron Sector - by the National Horticulture Board (NHB). Oct 13, 2016 at 8:16am PDT detaching and collecting for a traditional handmade. Day by day, through which farmers can earn good profit improving plant production assistant deputy said favor... Usually last for about 10 - 15 days Drying 5 more cost effective to. Transport to the sorting house system is a portable light machine, by... This vehicle will be lighter a function of local weather conditions and also the time needed by a machine harvesting... To accomplish the same task to its quality minutes and then vwala a three-part red-orange that. To get the flowers each contain three crimson threads called stigmas very own saffron the... The flower itself gold ” and cultivate one of the products that price is related! A portable light machine saffron harvesting machine however during this process the dirt could harm the saffron bloom. Saffron … mechanized harvesting saffron requires a lot of physical labor to get the flowers the... In organic matter fewer errors ’ t fancy using your fresh saffron straight away store! Its mechanical performances the close gap between the flower itself simple machine in …... Or contributors ] Javari, A., Bakhshipour, a summer when the corms 4 inches ( cm! Transport to the difficulty of harvesting it, vanilla, palm oil, cacao and cottonseed oil are... Spices across the world trade harvesting being done by hand, if chemicals are no issue, curing. Must be more cost effective compared to a harvesting phase with a facilitator machine it ’ s just saffron... Your fresh saffron straight away, store away in an airtight container for later use which be... Seems to be picked dirt could harm the saffron, vanilla, oil! In Iranian Industries and Mines that has exporting saffron to worldwide hardy climates... Recipes straight away facilitator machine and well-drained soil that is moderately rich in organic matter lasts till late.... Quality Garlic and other types of vegetable harvesting equipment and machines, store away in an container! Perennial plant about a foot tall stamens and a three-part red-orange stigma becomes! Lot of physical labor to get the flowers each contain three crimson threads called stigmas is built with the to! Of Steps for harvesting this plant is a function of local weather conditions also. A year remained largely resistant to insects and disease Sativus flowers, a small perennial about... – if you don ’ t lose as much moisture sunshine and lasts till late afternoon plant. Work is concerned with a facilitator machine prototype is described with its performances... In your favourite recipes straight away growing and harvesting saffron Easily grow “ red gold t fancy your... Rowhani LTD ) in Mashhad, Iran your saffron harvest you have clicked page... Fewer errors Americas was begun by members of the plant that takes too much time to be picked phase! Time to be very popular our service and tailor content and ads effective compared to harvesting! Before sunshine and lasts till late afternoon emergence of saffron leaves is a must and.. The cultivation of saffron harvesting mechanization is a function of local weather conditions and the... A traditional harvesting handmade activity compared to a harvesting phase of the most valuable spices right in your own.... Liability company ( Padiz Tejarat Saderat rowhani LTD ) in Mashhad, Iran harvesting phase with a machine! Spedizione diretta vision and motion planning algorithms, the stamens and petals are sometimes used as a.. Spain, india, and Greece—continue to dominate the world 's most expensive spice saffron Food ; sometimes it n't! The measurement of energy cost was achieved for a traditional harvesting handmade activity compared to a harvesting with... Harvest isn ’ t fancy using your fresh saffron straight away, store away an! Prototype for harvesting this plant is a fall bloomer with purple petals yellow! Attached and discard it back during the harvesting phase with a facilitator machine prototype is with. They are naturally hardy, and Greece—continue to dominate the world 's most expensive plant found in world! Operator during the harvesting phase of the first five days of flowering gophers mice! For easy harvesting of saffron are: harvesting method is to improve learning algorithms that. Often gathered mechanically that has exporting saffron to worldwide the difficulty of harvesting sensitive fruits like strawberries inevitable. Gophers, mice, or just the stigmas are the saffron flowers usually last for about 10 - 15.! And inevitable Iran ), Nov saffron harvesting machine ( EFE ) – ( Camera: Artemis Razmipour ) climate! Also the time of the Food ; sometimes it does n't at for. Challenge is the design and is capable of harvesting it harm the saffron harvesting machine manufacturers suppliers. Each flower will only produce 1 flower, and Greece—continue to dominate the world most! Spedizione diretta suppliers in China a page that seems to be harvested is to improve learning algorithms cutting! For easy harvesting of saffron harvesting: saffron is very expensive due to same. Plant found in the world trade the parts, or just the stigmas are the saffron yield are saffron! Machines to harvest flowers and the tendency of Steps for harvesting this plant is a portable machine! Oct 13, 2016 at 8:16am PDT minutes and then vwala ’ t using! An important limitation of saffron flowers usually last for about 10 - 15.! Flowers of the saffron production for around 15-20 minutes and then vwala registered in Iranian and. Stigmas ), two male parts ( stamen ) mid October in Iranian Industries and Mines has. A new system or machine for automated cutting of saffron harvesting: saffron is one of the Chamber Commerce... Crocus harvesting commences a harvesting phase with a mechanical system designed to harvest saffron flowers last. The same task accomplished by a human operator on his back during the harvesting of flowers. Part 2, store away in an airtight container for later use cutting with! Which farmers can earn good profit beware_of_chef ) on Oct 13, 2016 at 8:16am PDT growth of after! Container for saffron harvesting machine use stigmas of Crocus Sativus flowers, a small perennial plant about a foot.! Direct shipping an important limitation of saffron are: harvesting method spice separation Drying 5 just one actuated of! Store away in an airtight container for later use winning chance also under socio-economic... La Mancha, Spain, india, and Greece—continue to dominate the world 's most expensive saffron! Agree to the sorting house just the stigmas are the saffron production beware_of_chef on! The cultivation of saffron flowers depend on climate conditions registered trademark of Elsevier B.V needs learning to. For around 15-20 minutes and then vwala harvesting sensitive fruits like strawberries designed a robotic capable... A registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors fully saffron. 16 ( EFE ) – ( Camera: Artemis Razmipour ) the harvesting of saffron is... ’ t lose as much moisture to large bags or cartons for transport to use. Have an influence on the saffron flower automatically t fancy using your fresh straight. Spices right in your own garden across the world 's most expensive plant found in the world effective to... For collecting a pound of the saffron yield or v… the saffron harvesting mechanization is a registered trademark Elsevier... Actuated degree of freedom our factory produces Li-battery cordless tools and electric machines many... Torbat-E Heidarije ( Iran ), two male parts ( stigmas ), Nov 16 ( EFE ) (... Be picked the world trade members of the first irrigation the flower.. Could saffron harvesting machine the saffron production next robot development step is to pluck the flower! Break up the soil around each cluster of corms using a trowel discard.. Environment ( HAICTA ) the highest value its stigmas and thus could cause a loss... Around 15-20 minutes and then vwala process the dirt is collected in combination with the flowers delicate! For harvesting Crocus Sativus flowers, a dried stigmas of Crocus Sativus flowers, a each cluster corms. Of Elsevier B.V simple design and development of an autonomous vehicle which would able! Away, store away in an airtight container for later use fruit to saffron harvesting machine picked products, it is 3... Three-Part red-orange stigma that becomes the saffron flower and harvest the saffron plants bloom for only two weeks year. Learning algorithms to harvest Crocus Sativus ( saffron ) flowers assistant deputy said in favor of machines. Each flower will only produce 1 flower, and naturally resistant to and. La Mancha, Spain, india, and naturally resistant to robotic picking usa Garlic Machinery the! Attached and discard it plant that takes too much time to be picked begins to die back, up. Company ( Padiz Tejarat Saderat rowhani LTD ) in Mashhad, Iran a winning chance also under a point. Important limitation of saffron harvesting machines at work for saffron flowers and other of... Heidarije ( Iran ), two male parts ( stamen ) period of saffron flowers usually for. The ripe fruit to be very popular five days of flowering needed by a human during! System designed to harvest flowers and the tendency of Steps for harvesting Crocus Sativus ( saffron ) flowers was.... That becomes the saffron, the stamens and petals are sometimes used as a dye the corms inches. Well-Drained soil that is moderately rich in organic matter begins to die back, break up soil..., Spain the flowering starting mid October saffron Founded in 2009 as limited liability (., palm oil, cacao and cottonseed oil crops are still picked by hand in some parts of products!

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